Michie Tavern ca. 1784 - A Virginia Historic Landmark

The Tavern History

Tavern Prospers

Corporal William Michie was at Valley Forge when he received an urgent message to return home.  Leaving behind the winter encampment, Michie commenced the tedious journey to Virginia only to learn upon his arrival that his ailing father had passed on.

The year was 1777 and it was a time for change, rebuilding and reorganizing in young William’s life.  His father, “Scotch” John, had bequeathed a large parcel of land in Albemarle County.  The Blue Ridge Mountains surrounded this region and, because it was so highly populated with deer, the area was dubbed Buck Mountain.  The property was fed by a natural spring, and here William began building his Tavern by the side of the Buck Mountain Road.

The Proprietor

In 1784 William petitioned to operate an Ordinary.  Because of the new government, a license was now required. Under British rule, such was never obtained or deemed necessary.  By this time the Tavern was a popular stopping place during “Public Times” or elections at the courthouse nearby.

William was politically active, and a crowded Inn afforded the opportunity to express his views.  Earlier in 1779, when local countrymen were weakening in their support of America’s cause, William signed the Albemarle Declaration of Independence and most likely persuaded his patrons to follow suit. One can almost imagine the heated political discussions that took place over a tankard of ale or spiced rum.

Townspeople may have considered country inns as the poorer sisters of city taverns, but William’s commodious dwelling rivaled the most elaborate accommodations in town.  The two-story Inn featured an upstairs Assembly Room.   This expansive space served as the social center of the Tavern, as well as for the countryside. It was large enough for dances and church services. Traveling magicians, itinerant doctors, and dentists would have shared their profits with the innkeeper for the use of this space. Michie Tavern would also serve as a makeshift post office and school.

The Tavern continued operation until the mid-1800s.  Around the time of the Civil War, stagecoach travel had diminished and the building became the Michie’s private home.  In 1910, the Tavern was sold out of the Michie family at an estate auction.  For nearly 20 years, the Tavern remained as a home for John Via and his family.

Past Preserved

In 1927 a local businesswoman, Mrs. Mark Henderson, expressed an interest in purchasing Michie Tavern.  It was remotely located and rapidly deteriorating, but she felt confident that it was the ideal structure in which to house her vast collection of antiques and open a museum.  An astute entrepreneur, Mrs. Henderson had paid special attention to a new and growing industry in our nation. The rise in automobile production and ownership, coupled with the drop in workweek hours and higher wages spurred the development of tourism.  In addition, she closely watched the growth of a relatively new movement taking hold in our country and soon found herself a pioneer in these preservation activities.  Monticello had been opened for several years and was drawing thousands of visitors. Mrs. Henderson was merely following the precepts of her preservation peers when she decided to move Michie Tavern to a more accessible location. What better site than at the foot of Carter’s Mountain, one-half mile from Jefferson’s home. Within three months the old Inn had been painstakingly numbered, dismantled and moved 17 miles by horse and wagon and by truck.  The move itself  became a historic event, and her efforts would ultimately lead to Michie Tavern’s designation as a Virginia historic landmark. Michie Tavern opened as a museum in 1928.  As in its heyday, the Tavern was once again located on a busy thoroughfare and welcoming strangers at its door.

Charlottesville Business Hall of Fame

Mrs. Josephine Henderson was inducted into the Daily Progress Greater Charlottesville Business Hall of Fame on June 13, 2017. Mrs. Henderson was literally and figuratively a “mover and shaker” of the Charlottesville-Albemarle community.  After purchasing Michie Tavern, she had the structure moved 17 miles by horse and wagon and by truck to Route 53 the Thomas Jefferson Parkway.  She opened the Tavern as a museum in 1928 and it has been operating as such, since that time. “She probably didn’t know it when she relocated Michie Tavern in 1927, but Josephine Henderson was not only an entrepreneur, but a preservationist and tourism trade pioneer who successfully blended capitalism with history,” Daily Progress Business Editor, Bryan McKenzie said. Out of the eight persons recognized, Mrs. Henderson was the only woman in the group. The Daily Progress, championed by The Charlottesville Regional Chamber of Commerce and supported by many notable businesses are committed to recognize community leaders for the next decade.


The movement - an illustration by Arthur Stubbs